The covenant God made with David contains a mixture of what could be called “near” and “far,” or “short-term” and “long-term,” prophecies. We see this duality especially in verse 11, where God promises rest. This promise has to be read in light of verse 1, where we are told that David had rest from his enemies. While God could have been speaking of continued rest from the pagan nations around them, it seems better to see a deeper promise in mind here—a greater rest that would sustain all military and political rest. This would be the rest provided through the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus—the rest that comes from trusting in His victory over our greatest enemies of sin and death.
Jesus would be the Prince of peace, who would bring peace in three ways: peace with God, peace with others, and peace within. But we cannot miss the primacy of the first peace. Peace with others, such as military and political rest, and peace within are impossible as long as we lack peace with God. And that peace only comes through the finished work of Christ.
Do you tend to see yourself at rest with God or still struggling against God? Why?